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Remix App Server

Remix is designed for you to own your server, but if you don't want to set one up you can use the Remix App Server instead. It's a production-ready, but basic Node.js server built with Express. If you find you want to customize it, use the @remix-run/express adapter instead.

HOST environment variable

You can configure the hostname for your Express app via process.env.HOST and that value will be passed to the internal app.listen method when starting the server.

HOST= npx remix-serve build/index.js
remix-serve <server-build-path>
# e.g.
remix-serve build/index.js

PORT environment variable

You can change the port of the server with an environment variable.

PORT=4000 npx remix-serve build/index.js

Development Environment

Depending on process.env.NODE_ENV, the server will boot in development or production mode.

The server-build-path needs to point to the serverBuildPath defined in remix.config.js.

Because only the build artifacts (build/, public/build/) need to be deployed to production, the remix.config.js is not guaranteed to be available in production, so you need to tell Remix where your server build is with this option.

In development, remix-serve will ensure the latest code is run by purging the require cache for every request. This has some effects on your code you might need to be aware of:

  • Any values in the module scope will be "reset"

    // this will be reset for every request because the module cache was
    // cleared and this will be required brand new
    const cache = new Map();
    export async function loader({
    }: LoaderFunctionArgs) {
      if (cache.has( {
        return json(cache.get(;
      const record = await fakeDb.stuff.find(;
      cache.set(, record);
      return json(record);

    If you need a workaround for preserving cache in development, you can set up a singleton in your server.

  • Any module side effects will remain in place! This may cause problems, but should probably be avoided anyway.

    import { json } from "@remix-run/node"; // or cloudflare/deno
    // this starts running the moment the module is imported
    setInterval(() => {
    }, 1000);
    export async function loader() {
      // ...

    If you need to write your code in a way that has these types of module side effects, you should set up your own @remix-run/express server and a tool in development like pm2-dev or nodemon to restart the server on file changes instead.

In production this doesn't happen. The server boots up and that's the end of it.

Docs and examples licensed under MIT