Remix Auth

Simple Authentication for Remix


  • Full Server-Side Authentication
  • Complete TypeScript Support
  • Strategy-based Authentication
  • Easily handle success and failure
  • Implement custom strategies
  • Supports persistent sessions


Remix Auth is a complete open-source authentication solution for applications.

Heavily inspired by Passport.js, but completely rewrote it from scratch to work on top of the Web Fetch API. Remix Auth can be dropped in to any Remix-based application with minimal setup.

As with Passport.js, it uses the strategy pattern to support the different authentication flows. Each strategy is published individually as a separate npm package.


To use it, install it from npm (or yarn):

npm install remix-auth

Also, install one of the strategies. A list of strategies is available in the Community Strategies discussion.


Remix Auth needs a session storage object to store the user session. It can be any object that implements the SessionStorage interface from Remix.

In this example I'm using the createCookieSessionStorage function.

// app/services/session.server.ts
import { createCookieSessionStorage } from "@remix-run/node";

// export the whole sessionStorage object
export let sessionStorage = createCookieSessionStorage({
  cookie: {
    name: "_session", // use any name you want here
    sameSite: "lax", // this helps with CSRF
    path: "/", // remember to add this so the cookie will work in all routes
    httpOnly: true, // for security reasons, make this cookie http only
    secrets: ["s3cr3t"], // replace this with an actual secret
    secure: process.env.NODE_ENV === "production", // enable this in prod only

// you can also export the methods individually for your own usage
export let { getSession, commitSession, destroySession } = sessionStorage;

Now, create a file for the Remix Auth configuration. Here import the Authenticator class and your sessionStorage object.

// app/services/auth.server.ts
import { Authenticator } from "remix-auth";
import { sessionStorage } from "~/services/session.server";

// Create an instance of the authenticator, pass a generic with what
// strategies will return and will store in the session
export let authenticator = new Authenticator<User>(sessionStorage);

The User type is whatever you will store in the session storage to identify the authenticated user. It can be the complete user data or a string with a token. It is completely configurable.

After that, register the strategies. In this example, we will use the FormStrategy to check the documentation of the strategy you want to use to see any configuration you may need.

import { FormStrategy } from "remix-auth-form";

// Tell the Authenticator to use the form strategy
  new FormStrategy(async ({ form }) => {
    let email = form.get("email");
    let password = form.get("password");
    let user = await login(email, password);
    // the type of this user must match the type you pass to the Authenticator
    // the strategy will automatically inherit the type if you instantiate
    // directly inside the `use` method
    return user;
  // each strategy has a name and can be changed to use another one
  // same strategy multiple times, especially useful for the OAuth2 strategy.

Now that at least one strategy is registered, it is time to set up the routes.

First, create a /login page. Here we will render a form to get the email and password of the user and use Remix Auth to authenticate the user.

// app/routes/login.tsx
import type { ActionFunctionArgs, LoaderFunctionArgs } from "@remix-run/node";
import { Form } from "@remix-run/react";
import { authenticator } from "~/services/auth.server";

// First we create our UI with the form doing a POST and the inputs with the
// names we are going to use in the strategy
export default function Screen() {
  return (
    <Form method="post">
      <input type="email" name="email" required />
      <button>Sign In</button>

// Second, we need to export an action function, here we will use the
// `authenticator.authenticate method`
export async function action({ request }: ActionFunctionArgs) {
  // we call the method with the name of the strategy we want to use and the
  // request object, optionally we pass an object with the URLs we want the user
  // to be redirected to after a success or a failure
  return await authenticator.authenticate("user-pass", request, {
    successRedirect: "/dashboard",
    failureRedirect: "/login",

// Finally, we can export a loader function where we check if the user is
// authenticated with `authenticator.isAuthenticated` and redirect to the
// dashboard if it is or return null if it's not
export async function loader({ request }: LoaderFunctionArgs) {
  // If the user is already authenticated redirect to /dashboard directly
  return await authenticator.isAuthenticated(request, {
    successRedirect: "/dashboard",

With this, we have our login page. If we need to get the user data in another route of the application, we can use the authenticator.isAuthenticated method passing the request this way:

// get the user data or redirect to /login if it failed
let user = await authenticator.isAuthenticated(request, {
  failureRedirect: "/login",

// if the user is authenticated, redirect to /dashboard
await authenticator.isAuthenticated(request, {
  successRedirect: "/dashboard",

// get the user or null, and do different things in your loader/action based on
// the result
let user = await authenticator.isAuthenticated(request);
if (user) {
  // here the user is authenticated
} else {
  // here the user is not authenticated

Once the user is ready to leave the application, we can call the logout method inside an action.

export async function action({ request }: ActionFunctionArgs) {
  await authenticator.logout(request, { redirectTo: "/login" });

Advanced Usage

Custom redirect URL based on the user

Say we have /dashboard and /onboarding routes, and after the user authenticates, you need to check some value in their data to know if they are onboarded or not.

If we do not pass the successRedirect option to the authenticator.authenticate method, it will return the user data.

Note that we will need to store the user data in the session this way. To ensure we use the correct session key, the authenticator has a sessionKey property.

export async function action({ request }: ActionFunctionArgs) {
  let user = await authenticator.authenticate("user-pass", request, {
    failureRedirect: "/login",

  // manually get the session
  let session = await getSession(request.headers.get("cookie"));
  // and store the user data
  session.set(authenticator.sessionKey, user);

  // commit the session
  let headers = new Headers({ "Set-Cookie": await commitSession(session) });

  // and do your validation to know where to redirect the user
  if (isOnboarded(user)) return redirect("/dashboard", { headers });
  return redirect("/onboarding", { headers });

Changing the session key

If we want to change the session key used by Remix Auth to store the user data, we can customize it when creating the Authenticator instance.

export let authenticator = new Authenticator<AccessToken>(sessionStorage, {
  sessionKey: "accessToken",

With this, both authenticate and isAuthenticated will use that key to read or write the user data (in this case, the access token).

If we need to read or write from the session manually, remember always to use the authenticator.sessionKey property. If we change the key in the Authenticator instance, we will not need to change it in the code.

Reading authentication errors

When the user cannot authenticate, the error will be set in the session using the authenticator.sessionErrorKey property.

We can customize the name of the key when creating the Authenticator instance.

export let authenticator = new Authenticator<User>(sessionStorage, {
  sessionErrorKey: "my-error-key",

Furthermore, we can read the error using that key after a failed authentication.

// in the loader of the login route
export async function loader({ request }: LoaderFunctionArgs) {
  await authenticator.isAuthenticated(request, {
    successRedirect: "/dashboard",
  let session = await getSession(request.headers.get("cookie"));
  let error = session.get(authenticator.sessionErrorKey);
  return json({ error }, {
      'Set-Cookie': await commitSession(session) // You must commit the session whenever you read a flash

Remember always to use the authenticator.sessionErrorKey property. If we change the key in the Authenticator instance, we will not need to change it in the code.

Errors Handling

By default, any error in the authentication process will throw a Response object. If failureRedirect is specified, this will always be a redirect response with the error message on the sessionErrorKey.

If a failureRedirect is not defined, Remix Auth will throw a 401 Unauthorized response with a JSON body containing the error message. This way, we can use the CatchBoundary component of the route to render any error message.

If we want to get an error object inside the action instead of throwing a Response, we can configure the throwOnError option to true. We can do this when instantiating the Authenticator or calling authenticate.

If we do it in the Authenticator, it will be the default behavior for all the authenticate calls.

export let authenticator = new Authenticator<User>(sessionStorage, {
  throwOnError: true,

Alternatively, we can do it on the action itself.

import { AuthorizationError } from "remix-auth";

export async function action({ request }: ActionFunctionArgs) {
  try {
    return await authenticator.authenticate("user-pass", request, {
      successRedirect: "/dashboard",
      throwOnError: true,
  } catch (error) {
    // Because redirects work by throwing a Response, you need to check if the
    // caught error is a response and return it or throw it again
    if (error instanceof Response) return error;
    if (error instanceof AuthorizationError) {
      // here the error is related to the authentication process
    // here the error is a generic error that another reason may throw

If we define both failureRedirect and throwOnError, the redirect will happen instead of throwing an error.